Red flag laws, sometimes called “extreme risk protection order” (ERPO) laws or “gun violence restraining order” laws, allow a judge to issue an order that enables law enforcement to confiscate firearms from individuals deemed a risk to themselves or others. Prior to the enactment of red flag laws, in most states, law enforcement had no authority to remove firearms from individuals unless they had been convicted of specific crimes, even if their behavior was deemed unsafe.
The Kansas Emergency Management Act (KEMA), codified at KSA 48-920 et. seq., contains provisions governing the state’s response to disasters occurring within the state. This memorandum provides a brief history of KEMA, recent changes to the Act, and its application in the State’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Unsolicited calls are among the most frequent consumer complaints received by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Federal Trade Commission (FTC). The use of automatic dialing-announcing devices (referred to as robocalls) to make these calls is on the rise, with estimates indicating 4.3 billion such calls were received across the United States in September 2023 alone, down from more than 5 billion in August 2023. Utilities, pharmacies and health care providers, schools, and other entities use robocalls to provide billing, scheduling, and other information to the public. However, an increasing number of robocalls made to consumers are unsolicited, illegitimate, and unwanted. As the frequency of these calls increases, states have been taking action to minimize robocalls. This memorandum discusses the current state of the law concerning robocalls in Kansas and other states, as well as recent legislation and court cases at both the state and federal levels.
U.S. Supreme Court Decision In Murphy v. NCAA, the U.S. Supreme Court held a 1992 law prohibiting states from allowing betting on sporting events to be unconstitutional. The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) had prohibited all sports lotteries except those allowed under state law at the time PASPA was passed. Delaware, Montana, Nevada,Continue reading “Sports Wagering”
Kate SmeltzerResearch AnalystKate.Smeltzer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4407 Natalie NelsonPrincipal Research AnalystNatalie.Nelson@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4418 Martin de BoerFiscal AnalystMartin.deBoer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4439 Delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-8) is a psychoactive synthetic cannabinoid found in the Cannabis sativa plant and shares similar molecular structures to delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol—commonly known as THC. Concentrated amounts of delta-8 are usually made from hemp-derived cannabidiol—commonly known as CBD. The main difference between delta-8 andContinue reading “Delta-8 THC”
Jordan MilhollandManaging Research AnalystJordan.Milholland@klrd.ks.gov785-296-3923 Leighann ThoneResearch AnalystLeighann.Thone@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4181 Medical marijuana use is legal in 37 states and the District of Columbia. Recreational use of marijuana is legal in 21 states and the District of Columbia. In recent years, several bills were introduced to legalize medical or recreational marijuana use in Kansas. Legislation that would have legalizedContinue reading “Medical Marijuana”
Elaina RudderResearch AnalystElaina.Rudder@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4395 Leighann ThoneResearch AnalystLeighann.Thone@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4181 Medication abortion, also referred to as medical abortion or the abortion pill, is a pregnancy termination method that involves the use of two medications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved medication abortion in 2000. In 2016, the FDA approved a new evidence-based regimen and drug label,Continue reading “Medication Abortion”
Leighann ThoneResearch AnalystLeighann.Thone@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4181 Jordan MilhollandManaging Research AnalystJordan.Milholland@klrd.ks.gov785-296-3923 Since 2020, 33 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) have passed legislation related to alcohol delivery, to-go drinks, and direct shipment of alcohol. Sale and Delivery of To-Go Drinks Prior to March 2020, no state had explicit laws governing to-go orders or delivery of alcoholic drinks fromContinue reading “Sale and Delivery of To-Go Drinks and Direct Shipment of Alcohol”
Kate SmeltzerResearch AnalystKate.Smeltzer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4407 Jordan MilhollandManaging Research AnalystJordan.Milholland@klrd.ks.gov785-296-3923 On December 20, 2019, President Trump signed 2019 HR 1865, which contained provisions that raised the federal minimum age for tobacco product sales from 18 to 21. The bill amended the Federal Drug and Cosmetic Act with a new section that applies to all “covered tobacco products,” includingContinue reading “Tobacco 21”