Community Supervision

Lindsay ArcherResearch AnalystLindsay.Archer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4440 Meredith FryResearch AnalystMeredith.Fry@klrd.ks.gov785-296-7882 Natalie NelsonPrincipal Research AnalystNatalie.Nelson@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4418 In Kansas, three entities comprise the community supervision structure: Court Services, Community Corrections, and Parole Services. Parole Services supervises offenders released from Kansas correctional facilities on parole, post-release supervision, or conditional release. This article will focus on the functions of Court Services and Community CorrectionsContinue reading “Community Supervision”

Wind Turbine Light Mitigating Technology

Lindsay ArcherResearch AnalystLindsay.Archer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4440 Heather O’HaraPrincipal Research AnalystHeather.O’Hara@klrd.ks.gov785-296-7792 In 2021, Kansas was ranked among the top five states in total wind energy generation, with the third-largest share of electricity generated from wind power, following closely behind Iowa and South Dakota. In early 2022, the state had nearly 8,250 megawatts of installed wind generating capacity. Wind turbinesContinue reading “Wind Turbine Light Mitigating Technology”

Tracking Broadband Availability in Kansas

James FisherManaging IT AnalystJames.Fisher@klrd.ks.gov785-296-6490 Kate SmeltzerResearch AnalystKate.Smeltzer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4407 Heather O’HaraPrincipal Research AnalystHeather.OHara@klrd.ks.gov785-296-7792 Education, precision agriculture, and health care are just a few of the possibilities broadband internet enables, and a lack of connectivity can impact the economic well-being of individuals across the country. According to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), in 2021, 23.36 percent of ruralContinue reading “Tracking Broadband Availability in Kansas”

Electric Vehicle Charging Stations in Rural Kansas

Kate SmeltzerResearch AnalystKate.Smeltzer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4407 James FisherManaging IT AnalystJames.Fisher@klrd.ks.gov785-296-6490 Electric Vehicle Adoption and Industry Growth Globally, the automotive industry plans to invest $330 billion in electrification by 2023 and offer up to 130 electrified vehicle models in the United States. Nationally, hybrid vehicle sales in 2021 comprised 5.4 percent of total sales, and Zero Emission Vehicles, suchContinue reading “Electric Vehicle Charging Stations in Rural Kansas”

Traffic Enforcement Using Cameras

Jill ShelleyPrincipal Research AnalystJill.Shelley@klrd.ks.gov785-296-8085 Eric AdellResearch AnalystEric.Adell@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4404 Cameras are statutorily authorized for use by municipalities in 36 states and the District of Columbia for enforcement of traffic laws, most commonly in enforcement related to speeding, full stops at red lights, and passing school buses that are stopped with the stop arm extended. State laws authorizeContinue reading “Traffic Enforcement Using Cameras”

Autonomous Vehicle Regulation

Eric AdellResearch AnalystEric.Adell@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4404 Jill ShelleyPrincipal Research AnalystJill.Shelley@klrd.ks.gov785-296-8085 “Autonomous vehicle” is a term used to define a vehicle capable of operating without the intervention of a human driver and with the use of an automated driving system (ADS). A vehicle with an ADS is designed to perform the entire dynamic driving task without human intervention withinContinue reading “Autonomous Vehicle Regulation”

Streamlined Sales and Use Tax

Eric AdellResearch AnalystEric.Adell@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4404 Edward PennerSenior EconomistEdward.Penner@klrd.ks.gov785-296-0733 The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement (SSUTA) is a multi-state cooperative agreement intended to simplify the administration of state sales tax systems and encourage remote sellers to collect and remit sales and use taxes. Since 2003, 24 states have enacted SSUTA-conforming laws. Kansas was the first state withContinue reading “Streamlined Sales and Use Tax”

Income Taxation of Social Security Benefits

Chardae CaineFiscal AnalystChardae.Caine@klrd.ks.gov785-296-3183 Edward PennerSenior EconomistEdward.Penner@klrd.ks.gov785-296-0733 Federal Income Tax Treatment of Social Security Benefits Up to 50 percent of Social Security benefits are subject to the federal income tax if a taxpayer’s combined income, including 50 percent of Social Security benefits, exceeded a statutory threshold. The taxable amount is the lesser of 50 percent ofContinue reading “Income Taxation of Social Security Benefits”

Federal Tax Conformity

Edward PennerSenior EconomistEdward.Penner@klrd.ks.gov785-296-0733 Lindsay ArcherResearch AnalystLindsay.Archer@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4440 Of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, 42 apply a broad-based income tax. For the convenience of taxpayers and the state, as well as ease of legal application, many states incorporate substantial portions of the federal Internal Revenue Code (IRC) into their own state income taxes. ThisContinue reading “Federal Tax Conformity”

KPERS—Cost of Living Adjustments

Steven WuSenior Fiscal AnalystSteven.Wu@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4447 Melissa RenickAssistant Director for ResearchMelissa.Renick@klrd.ks.gov785-296-4138 Dylan DearManaging Fiscal AnalystDylan.Dear@klrd.ks.gov785-296-0665 The majority of Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS) pension plans are defined benefit plans, which provide a fixed, pre-established benefit for members at retirement. Economic Changes The value of fixed benefits can decrease over time due to changes in the economy,Continue reading “KPERS—Cost of Living Adjustments”