Child Welfare System Oversight in Kansas

Natalie Nelson
Principal Research Analyst

Iraida Orr
Principal Research Analyst

Dylan Dear
Managing Fiscal Analyst

A number of efforts have been undertaken in the last decade to provide oversight for the child welfare system in Kansas. A brief history of such efforts and recent developments follows.

Legislative Committees, Task Forces, and Working Groups

Special Committee on Foster Care Adequacy. The Legislative Coordinating Council (LCC) created this special committee in 2015 (and again in 2016) to study Department for Children and Families (DCF) oversight of foster care contractors; whether a working group would aid in addressing foster care concerns; and the selection, qualification, and responsibilities of foster parents.

The 2015 Special Committee recommended evidence-based, peer-reviewed research on family structure be given high priority when considering best interests and making foster care placement decisions.

Additionally, it recommended introduction of legislation that would create a joint committee to oversee foster care.

Child Welfare System Task Force. The 2017 Legislature passed House Sub. for SB 126, which directed the Secretary for Children and Families to establish a Child Welfare System Task Force to study the child welfare system in Kansas. The Task Force was composed of various entities and stakeholders, and it convened working groups to study the following topics: general administration by DCF; protective services; family preservation; reintegration; foster care; and permanency placement. The Task Force’s final report was submitted to the 2019 Legislature, which included 23 recommendations:

Crossover Youth Working Groups. The 2019 Omnibus Appropriations bill, House Sub. for SB 25 (Section 87), included provisos requiring DCF to establish working groups in 2019 and 2020 to study the impact of 2016 SB 367.

SB 367 included a prohibition on the placement of youth in a juvenile detention center in certain circumstances and removed juvenile detention facilities as a placement option under the Child in Need of Care (CINC) Code unless the child is also alleged to be a juvenile offender and the placement is authorized under the Juvenile Code. The working groups’ reports can be found at

Special Committee on Foster Care Oversight. In 2020, the LCC created this committee to receive input from families, social workers, and other stakeholders on progress and shortfalls in the State’s child welfare system, including quality of care for children in foster care, access to health and mental health services, trends in contributing factors, program outcomes from the federal Family First Prevention Services Act, and barriers to sharing information across the system, and to make recommendations to the Legislature to improve the State’s child welfare system.

Among its recommendations, the Special Committee recommended the Legislature establish a joint statutory committee for child welfare oversight and also establish an independent oversight agency that would provide advocacy services for persons involved in the child welfare system.

Joint Committee on Child Welfare System Oversight. The 2021 Legislature established the Joint Committee on Child Welfare System Oversight with the passage of HB 2158. The Joint Committee is authorized to make recommendations and introduce legislation it deems necessary in performing its functions related to the review of the child welfare system, and is required to meet at least once each quarter.

Legislative Audits

The Legislative Division of Post Audit has performed six audits related to the foster care system since July 2012.

Topics reviewed in these audits include: the health and safety of children in foster care; foster care case plan tasks and permanency outcomes; consistency across foster care service providers; the treatment of LGBTQ foster and adoptive parents; and decisions to remove children from their homes.

To access the full reports of each audit, search “foster care” at

Kansas Division of the Child Advocate

Governor Kelly issued Executive Order 21-28 to establish the Division of the Child Advocate within the Office of Public Advocates in October 2021. The Office of Public Advocates is housed within the Department of Administration, but the Division of the Child Advocate functions as an independent state agency. The powers and duties of the Division of the Child Advocate include the following:

  • Addressing complaints made by or on behalf of a child in the custody of the Secretary for Children and Families, or alleged to be a CINC, that relate to state agencies or other service providers;
  • Establishing a procedure for receiving, processing, responding to, and resolving such complaints;
  • Submitting findings and recommendations for changes to DCF;
  • Accessing confidential records maintained by DCF; and
  • Maintaining confidentiality.

HB 2345, introduced in the 2021 Legislative Session, would have established the Office of the Child Advocate for Children’s Protection and Services within the Legislative Branch. SB 301, also introduced in the 2021 Legislative Session, would have established the Office of the Child Advocate within the Office of the Attorney General. Neither bill advanced to the Governor.